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Configuring and using the Logging SystemΒΆ

Status:Unofficial

The Pylons logging wiki has a well written and clearly documented logging HOWTO which this document will refer to. Each of the sections documented there have been tested under TG2 and they all are functional.

The logging system can be setup through the application ini file using the standard python logging configuration layout.

To enable logging in your code, you will need to include the following:

import logging
log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

To prefix the logged message with your module name, use the special python variable __name__. Or, substitute __name__ for anything that makes sense to you.

Call the appropriate log level method on the Logger object to send a message to the log handler:

log.debug("This is a code debug")

By default, the root logger is set to INFO and will log to STDERR on the console.

To enable the viewing of ALL messages within the pylons and TG stacks you will need to add the following to your ini files:

[loggers]
keys = root

[logger_root]
level = NOTSET
handlers = console

[handlers]
keys = console

[handler_console]
class = StreamHandler
args = (sys.stderr,)
level = NOTSET
formatter = generic

[formatters]
keys = generic

[formatter_generic]
format = %(asctime)s,%(msecs)03d %(levelname)-5.5s [%(name)s] %(message)s
datefmt = %H:%M:%S

As an additional reference to the pylons write up, the RotatingFileHandler class is documented here:

[handler_accesslog]
class = handlers.RotatingFileHandler
args = ('access.log','a', 10000, 4)
level = DEBUG
formatter = accesslog
class
refers to a python class in the logging or logging.handlers module.
args
refers to the parameters required for the instantiation or initialization of the above class.

In this example 4 backup files are being kept and the log is rotated when the file size reaches 10000 bytes.